What is Binary?
Binary is one of two digits (0 or 1) in a binary system of notation, it’s written exactly in 1 bytes (8 bit).
When the first 3 bit containing 011 it’s mean Lowercase, if the first 3 bit containing 010 so it’s mean Uppercase, and when the first 4 bit containing 0011 then it’s Numeric.
The modern binary number system, the basis for binary code, was invented by Gottfried Leibniz in 1689 and appears in his article Explication de l’Arithmétique Binaire. The full title is translated into English as the “Explanation of the binary arithmetic”, which uses only the characters 1 and 0, with some remarks on its usefulness, and on the light it throws on the ancient Chinese figures of Fu Xi.”(1703). Leibniz’s system uses 0 and 1, like the modern binary numeral system. Leibniz encountered the I Ching through French Jesuit Joachim Bouvet and noted with fascination how its hexagrams correspond to the binary numbers from 0 to 111111, and concluded that this mapping was evidence of major Chinese accomplishments in the sort of philosophical mathematics he admired.